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1.) 
0.0 - Four Worlds of History: An Introduction - Rationale & Objectives
  topics: building literacy skills through critical thinking; effective analytical tools for social sciences
  format: other
  historical period: n/a
  region: n/a
  country: n/a
  summary: Overview of the analytical model and project materials for the Four Worlds of History: 1) explanation of our approach to literacy and skills, 2) different uses of the Four Worlds analytical tool, 3) Bloom's Taxonomy juxtaposed with social science objectives, 4) organization of "Materials on the Activities Database", and 5) outline of pilot materials with details of "core components".
  source: USC CALIS. For related materials, search: 4wh or 4wh-core
  pdf:    |   handout:    |   guide: 0451g

2.) 
0.0 - Four Worlds of History: Social Science Factors
  topics: culture, history, comparative study
  format: analytical tools / four worlds
  historical period: Ancient
  region: Global
  country: all countries
  summary: Social science factors are the heart of the 4W analytical model. These handouts are the necessary reference sheets for the factors. The first reference list is the more comprehensive overview and clarifies that geography and technology are "overarching factors" that affect all Four Worlds. The second reference sheet uses a "4W frame" to focus on factors that are more conceptual than concrete. The 4W frame is a standard worksheet for a 4W analysis to identify which factors are in-play and how they are related.
  source: USC CALIS. Target tag: 4w-factors -- (Used for HSLC 2011) -- For related materials, search: 4wh, 4wh-basic, 4wh-core, 4w-starter
  pdf:    |   handout: 0412    |   guide: 0412g

3.) 
0.0 - Four Worlds of History: Social Science Factors - Spanish translation
  topics: culture, history, comparative study
  format: analytical tools -- four worlds
  historical period: n/a
  region: Global
  country: all countries, all societies (past, present, future)
  summary: Ruth Luevanos is developing Spanish translation of 4W materials for her EL and LTEL students... and their parents. She began using 4W with her EL/LTEL students in 8th grade US History in Fall 2013. She offered her first 4W parent session in Spring 2014.
  source: USC CALIS. Translation provided through 4W partner teacher Elijio (Ruth) Luevanos, Pacoima Middle School, LAUSD. For related materials, search: 4wh-Spanish
  pdf:    |   handout: 0731    |   guide:

4.) 
0.01 - Four Worlds of History: Factoring is Analyzing
  topics: culture, history, comparative study, effective analytical tools for social sciences
  format: interactive -- think-pair-share
  historical period: n/a
  region: Global
  country: all
  summary: Used in teacher workshops to help illustrate the need, use, and purpose of social science factors. Identifying factors, relating factors, and making a claim about the most important factor is "the science of the social sciences".
  source: USC CALIS. For related materials, search: 4wh
  pdf:    |   handout:    |   guide: 0556g

5.) 
0.01 - Four Worlds of Me - SAMPLES of Student Work
  topics: culture, politics, economics, social world
  format:
  historical period: New Millennium (2000-present)
  region: Global
  country: United States
  summary: After being introduced to Four Worlds of "social science factors", students had a homework assignment to explain how they live in and are affected by factors in Four Worlds. The assignment criteria (checklist) and rubric are included. The guide file has four samples of student work.
  source: USC CALIS 4WH development team: Olivia Naturman, Social Science Teacher, Hesby Oaks School, LAUSD. First piloted in 7th grade World History, Sept 2010. For related materials, search: 4wh-students, 4w-starter
  pdf:    |   handout: 0636    |   guide: 0636g

6.) 
0.01 - Four Worlds of Me: The What & The How
  topics: culture, politics, economics, civil society
  format: analytical tools -- four worlds
  historical period: New Millennium (2000-present)
  region: Global
  country: United States
  summary: Introductory activity for students to explore the "Four Worlds" - to distinguish what happens in each world in order to know how they are part of each world: how they are affected by conditions in each and able to influence conditions in each.
  source: USC CALIS. For related materials, search: 4wh or 4wh-core
  pdf:    |   handout: 0461    |   guide: 0461g

7.) 
0.01 - Four Worlds of SpongeBob - SAMPLES of Student Work
  topics: culture, politics, economics, social world
  format:
  historical period: New Millennium (2000-present)
  region: n/a
  country: n/a
  summary: Introductory activity for "social science factors" in Four Worlds. SpongeBob -- What are the Four Worlds of his community of Bikini Bottom? The steps of this activity process are recommended for introducing the factors.
  source: USC CALIS 4WH development team: Olivia Naturman, Social Science Teacher, Hesby Oaks School, LAUSD. First piloted in 7th grade World History, Sept 2010. For related materials, search: 4wh-students, 4w-starter
  pdf:    |   handout: 0637    |   guide: 0637g

8.) 
0.01 - Four Worlds of Things n' Stuff
  topics: culture, politics, economics, civil society
  format: analytical tools -- four worlds
  historical period: New Millennium (2000-present)
  region: n/a
  country: United States
  summary: Introductory activity for students to explore the "Four Worlds" - understanding each world and how they are related. This activity traces how "something" (e.g. Barbie, GI Joe, an Egg McMuffin, or the cell phone) can be part of each world - political, economic, social, and cultural - and that it can also influence each world. Being able to explain each world and how they relate in this activity is an important practice exercise to then apply the Four Worlds of "social science factors" as an analytical framework.
  source: USC CALIS. For related materials, search: 4wh or 4wh-core or 4ir
  pdf:    |   handout: 0460    |   guide: 0460g

9.) 
0.1 - 4W charts: SAMPLES of Student Work / Class Activity in 6th Grade
  topics: culture, governance, belief systems, development
  format: analytical tools -- four worlds
  historical period: Ancient
  region: Trans-regional
  country: Egypt, India, Iraq, Israel
  summary: At Mulholland Middle School, Karen West has been leading the 6th grade 4WH pilot program. She used a "focus question" for each civilization and conducted a class activity with the textbook to outline information into the 4W chart -- a Four Worlds analysis -- which serves as pre-write notes to respond with substance and depth to the question.
  source: USC - CALIS 4WH development team: Karen West, Social Science and Language Arts Teacher, Mulholland Middle School, LAUSD. First full-year pilot in 6th grade Ancient World History, 2009-2010. For related materials, search: 4wh-students
  pdf:    |   handout:    |   guide: 0510g

10.) 
0.1 - 4W charts: SAMPLES of Student Work and Bulletin Boards - 6th and 7th
  topics: culture, governance, belief systems, development
  format: analytical tools -- four worlds
  historical period: Ancient
  region: Trans-regional
  country: Egypt
  summary: In 6th grade Ancient History, Jennifer Mickey's students use "fat arrows" to explain connections across Four Worlds of ancient Egypt. In 7th grade Medieval and Early Modern Times, Martha Infante created a Word Wall and posters for 4W social science factors.
  source: USC CALIS 4WH development team: Los Angeles Academy Middle School, LAUSD. First piloted in Fall 2009. For related materials, search: 4wh-students
  pdf:    |   handout:    |   guide: 0512g

11.) 
0.1 - Cognates and the 4 Worlds
  topics: language acquisition, English Language Development
  format: analytical tools -- four worlds
  historical period: n/a
  region: n/a
  country: n/a
  summary: Worksheet for identifying cognates among "Essential Concepts and Values in U.S. Democracy". Ruth Luevanos is promoting the use of cognates to support English language development. She identified the 4W model as an effective approach to building mastery of vocabulary, especially academic language or language of the discipline. She began using 4W with her EL/LTEL students in 8th grade US History in Fall 2013. She offered her first 4W parent session in Spring 2014.
  source: Elijio (Ruth) Luevanos, Pacoima Middle School, LAUSD, and Dr. Margarita Jimenez-Silva, Arizona State University. For related materials, search: 4wh-Spanish
  pdf:    |   handout: 0732    |   guide: 0732g

12.) 
4WH @ Middle School - Articulation across State Required History Courses
  topics: department planning guide
  format: other
  historical period: n/a
  region: n/a
  country: n/a
  summary: A planning guide to outline options for an articulated 4WH middle school history program. Chart provides an example of themes and analytical questions along with NPR cases in this database that include a custom 4W chart analysis. Chart also outlines how to thread the study of virtues and identity.
  source: USC - CALIS. For related materials, search: full-art
  pdf:    |   handout: 0626    |   guide: 0626g

13.) 
6.0 - Course Mapping: What are the best questions?
  topics: articulation plan: guide for critical thinking, connections, change, continuity
  format: analytical tools -- concept map
  historical period: Ancient
  region: Trans-regional
  country: Ancient Civilizations: China, Egypt, Greece, India, Israel, Italy
  summary: For teacher planning toward a fully articulated curriculum: What are the best questions AND how are those questions layered and integrated? Three different planning charts for focus questions and writing prompts that illustrate a specific strategy to develop critical thinking across 6th grade World History: Ancient Civilizations. Three overview charts: 1) from content to critical thinking, 2) from past to present & personal, and 3) similar questions as before but with full anticipation of how progression can build with a specific textbook (TCI sample). The "unit mapping" for each society includes: concepts, focus question, big idea, essential Q, past-present-personal Q, and a concept for continuity & change.
  source: USC CALIS. For related materials, search: 4wh or full-art
  pdf:    |   handout:    |   guide: 0449g

14.) 
6.0 - Lifeline: Four Worlds of History in My Day & Age
  topics: culture, politics, economics, civil society
  format:
  historical period: New Millennium (2000-present)
  region: Trans-regional
  country: United States
  summary: Timeline activity -- customized for 6th grade students in 2016-17, the high school Class of 2023. Events are color-coded to introduce how the Four Worlds are integrated along with technology and the natural world. Intended as a foundational exercise for students to establish their contemporary historical context from which to build (with reference throughout the year) a deep sense of recent history along with future projections for their lifetime. Includes an interview exercise with an adult to purposefully involve parents/guardians in the model that will be applied on a regular basis.
  source: USC CALIS. Part of the grades 6-12: lifeline-set -- For related materials, search 4wh
  pdf:    |   handout: 0482    |   guide: 0482g

15.) 
6.0 - Slavery: Context vs. Root Cause
  topics: human rights, slavery, labor, economics, ethics
  format: analytical tools -- four worlds
  historical period: Ancient
  region: Global
  country: ancient societies
  summary: Among the different social contexts of slavery and different characteristics, is there a root cause of slavery? To make a claim and defend it, students analyze textbook passages regarding slavery in Sumer (Mesopotamia), Egypt, Greece, and Rome. They note who slaves were (e.g. prisoners of war, debtors, etc), the types of labor they performed, whether they had rights, and whether or not they could regain freedom. They use a 4W analysis to identify and relate factors of slavery and to organize evidence to support their claim.
  source: USC CALIS. For related materials, search: 4wh, slavery
  pdf:    |   handout: 0477    |   guide: 0477g

16.) 
6.0 - Timeline Preview/Review
  topics: development, comparative history, turning points, concept map
  format: interactive -- group work
  historical period: Ancient
  region: Trans-regional
  country: multiple
  summary: A timeline activity that provides "event strips" from each civilization unit that can be placed on a butcher paper timeline. Photos of teacher pilot test will be provided as an example of the final layout.
  source: USC - CALIS. For related materials, search: 4wh and timeline-set6
  pdf:    |   handout:    |   guide: 0627g

17.) 
6.2a - a) Timeline - Early Civilizations of Mesopotamia
  topics: culture, history
  format: analytical tools -- concept map
  historical period: Ancient
  region: Middle East -- North Africa and West Asia
  country: Mesopotamia
  summary: A timeline worksheet for students to use textbook quotes in order to outline the sequence of major events, people, etc. in the unit. Sample quotes are placed along a timeline to illustrate the unit's time frame. Quotes taken from "The Ancient World", TCI, grade 6.
  source: USC - CALIS. For related materials, search: 4wh and timeline-set6
  pdf:    |   handout: 0463    |   guide: 0463g

18.) 
6.2a - a) Timeline to Map - Mesopotamia
  topics: security, identity
  format: interactive -- think-pair-share
  historical period: Ancient
  region: Middle East -- North Africa and West Asia
  country: Iraq, Syria, Egypt, Iran
  summary: Map activity for Mesopotamia using quotes from the timeline activity - customized with TCI, grade 6. Students locate and label the historical location and associate it with its current country location. Also includes a world map activity where students are introduced to which religions are dominant in which countries.
  source: USC - CALIS. Launched while in development for ease of access with partner teachers who are piloting new materials for new analytical approaches to history. For related materials, search: 4wh
  pdf:    |   handout: 0032    |   guide: 0032g

19.) 
6.2a - b) 4W Chart - Mesopotamia: Sumer
  topics: development, birth of civilization, agricultural revolution
  format: analytical tools / four worlds
  historical period: Ancient
  region: Middle East / North Africa and West Asia
  country: Iraq
  summary: Student activity to apply the Four Worlds analytical tool. Step 1 (layer 1) is to outline notes from the textbook - to identify and differentiate information. Step 2 (layer 2) is to make connections amongst the information - relate the dynamics or cause and effect. Step 3 (layer 3) is to infer the key concepts that are not specified by the textbook, but are clearly in play. This process enables students to create a detailed pre-write outline for the subsequent writing task, designed as a performance assessment.
  source: USC CALIS. For related materials, search: 4wh
  pdf:    |   handout: 0414    |   guide: 0414g

20.) 
6.2a - c) Inference Exercise - Sumer: 4W quote activity
  topics: development, birth of civilization, agricultural revolution
  format:
  historical period: Ancient
  region:
  country: Iraq
  summary: "Quote Activity" - a practice exercise to identify and infer Social Science Factors as part of active reading. The worksheet provides quotes from a TCI textbook and asks students to determine the key words that reveal which of the Four Worlds is in play. Once they determine the "world" - students can use the Social Science Factors reference sheet to identify a specific factor that is in play. A second step of the exercise asks students to match the quotes into a 4W chart of key concepts.
  source: USC CALIS. For related materials, search: 4wh
  pdf:    |   handout: 0457    |   guide: 0457g

21.) 
6.2a - c) Inference Exercise - Sumer: 4W quote activity - One example
  topics: status, class, division of labor, specialization
  format: analytical tools / four worlds
  historical period: Ancient
  region: Middle East / North Africa and West Asia
  country: Iraq
  summary: "Quote Activity" - step-by-step practice exercise with a single quote to identify and infer Social Science Factors as part of active reading. Steps include: 1) organizing key terms into the 4W, 2) identifying factors related to terms, 3) identifying the relationship between factors
  source: USC CALIS. For related materials, search: 4wh
  pdf:    |   handout: 0855    |   guide:

22.) 
6.2a - c) Inference Exercise - Sumer: Changes in Daily Life
  topics: development, change, culture
  format: analytical tools -- four worlds
  historical period: Ancient
  region: Middle East -- North Africa and West Asia
  country: Iraq
  summary: Student activity to consider changes in Sumer and how they affected daily life. Different from expository text, this exercise uses historical fiction so that students can practice active reading with narrative text. The narrative combines inferring concepts with making connections to impact on daily life. The activity explicitly notes the main ideas and significance of Sumer as a turning point in human history. Suggested as an "exit ticket" or graded assessment.
  source: USC CALIS. For related materials, search: 4wh, assess-task
  pdf:    |   handout: 0479    |   guide: 0479g

23.) 
6.2a - c) Inference Exercise - Sumer: Rise of City-States
  topics: development, impact of technology, agricultural revolution
  format: other
  historical period: Ancient
  region:
  country: Iraq
  summary: "Placard Process" where students respond to leading questions and form a line-up that tells the story of Sumer: Trace the impact of technology that provided a turning point in human history from small villages to the first city-states. A second entry on this database provides the placards that match this series of questions.
  source: USC CALIS 4WH development team: Karen West, Social Science and Language Arts Teacher, Mulholland Middle School, LAUSD. Designed for the first full-year pilot in 6th grade Ancient World History, 2009-2010. For related materials, search: 4wh
  pdf:    |   handout: 0542    |   guide: 0542g

24.) 
6.2a - c) Inference Exercise - Sumer: Rise of City-States - Placards
  topics: development, impact of technology, agricultural revolution
  format: other
  historical period: Ancient
  region:
  country: Iraq
  summary: The entry provides the placard set that matches the "placard process" activity. NOTE: The doc file is the FRONT side of the placard and the guide file is the BACK side.
  source: USC CALIS 4WH development team: Karen West, Social Science and Language Arts Teacher, Mulholland Middle School, LAUSD. Designed for the first full-year pilot in 6th grade Ancient World History, 2009-2010. For related materials, search: 4wh
  pdf:    |   handout: 0543    |   guide: 0543g

25.) 
6.2a - f) Writing Exercise - Sumer: Summary Options
  topics: culture, development, impact of technology
  format: interactive -- think-pair-share
  historical period: Ancient
  region: Middle East -- North Africa and West Asia
  country: Iraq
  summary: Students review three different summaries about Sumer: one from a textbook and two based on the Four Worlds model with its emphasis on social science factors (enduring human factors). This activity is intended for teacher and student dialog about effective writing --> and to assess their level of proficiency using academic language to clearly explain relationships, main ideas and significance.
  source: USC CALIS. For related materials, search: 4wh, assess-task
  pdf:    |   handout: 0541    |   guide: 0541g

26.) 
6.2a - f) Writing Task - Mesopotamia - Sumer
  topics: expository writing as creative writing
  format: performance assessment
  historical period: Ancient
  region: Middle East -- North Africa and West Asia
  country: Mesopotamia
  summary: Performance Assessment: Trace the impact of technology that provided a turning point in human history from villages to the first city-states. This simple writing prompt is transformed into a "SCRAP" scenario. The 4W chart analysis enables students to create a detailed pre-write outline for this subsequent writing task, designed as a performance assessment with a rubric of clear content criteria.
  source: USC CALIS. Part of a series for teacher dialog about the level of content necessary to achieve writing objectives in the Common Core Standards for Literacy in History-Social Studies. For related Common Core materials, search: writing-rubric, assess-task -- For related content materials, search: 4wh
  pdf:    |   handout: 0469    |   guide: 0469g

27.) 
6.2b - a) Timeline - Ancient Egypt
  topics: culture, history
  format: analytical tools -- concept map
  historical period: Ancient
  region: Middle East -- North Africa and West Asia
  country: Egypt
  summary: Timeline of the Old, Middle, and New Kingdoms across the full span of ancient Egyptian civilization - customized with quotes from TCI, grade 6. Activity for students to graph the three kingdoms and the pharaohs who are highlighted for each: Khufu, Senusret I, Hatsheptsut, and Ramses II.
  source: USC - CALIS. For related materials, search: 4wh and timeline-set6
  pdf:    |   handout: 0490    |   guide: 0490g

28.) 
6.2b - a) Timeline - Early Civilizations of Egypt, Kush, Hebrews
  topics: culture, history
  format: analytical tools -- concept map
  historical period: Ancient
  region: Middle East -- North Africa and West Asia
  country: Egypt, Sudan
  summary: Timeline reference - Ancient World History - customized for TCI, grade 6
  source: USC - CALIS. Launched while in development for ease of access with partner teachers who are piloting new materials for new analytical approaches to history. Special thanks to our collaboration team for the 2009-2010 pilot launch. For related materials, search: 4wh
  pdf:    |   handout: 0464    |   guide: 0464g

29.) 
6.2b - a) Timeline extension - Millennia in our lifetime
  topics: culture, history
  format: analytical tools -- concept map
  historical period: New Millennium (2000-present)
  region: Canada/US
  country: United States
  summary: Extends the ancient timeline to the present day. Customized to the 6th grade class of 2010-11. Purposefully uses the same "millennium format" of 5,000 years used to compare Egypt-Kush-Hebrews. This timeline offers 2,000 more years to show current 6th graders that their lifetime spans two millennia.
  source: USC - CALIS. Launched while in development for ease of access with partner teachers who are piloting new materials for new analytical approaches to history. Special thanks to our collaboration team for the 2010-11 pilot. For related materials, search: 4wh
  pdf:    |   handout: 0465    |   guide: 0465g

30.) 
6.2b - a) Timeline to Map - Egypt
  topics: security, identity
  format: interactive -- think-pair-share
  historical period: Ancient
  region: Middle East -- North Africa and West Asia
  country: Egypt
  summary: Map activity for Egypt using quotes from the timeline activity and others from the textbook- customized with TCI, grade 6. Students locate and label the historical location and associate it with its current country location.
  source: USC - CALIS. Launched while in development for ease of access with partner teachers who are piloting new materials for new analytical approaches to history. For related materials, search: 4wh
  pdf:    |   handout: 0424    |   guide: 0424g

31.) 
6.2b - b) 4W Chart - Egypt 1: Social Pyramid
  topics: culture, belief systems, stability, order, prosperity
  format: analytical tools -- four worlds
  historical period: Ancient
  region: Middle East -- North Africa and West Asia
  country: Egypt
  summary: Student activity to apply the Four Worlds analytical tool to the six social classes of Egypt's social pyramid - customized to TCI Chapter 9, Daily Life in Ancient Egypt. 4W chart becomes a pre-write outline to respond to the analytical question: How did the roles of different social classes establish stability for Egyptian society during the period of the New Kingdom?
  source: USC - CALIS. For related materials, search: 4wh
  pdf:    |   handout: 0491    |   guide: 0491g

32.) 
6.2b - b) 4W Chart - Egypt 2: New Kingdom
  topics: culture, history
  format: analytical tools -- four worlds
  historical period: Ancient
  region: Middle East -- North Africa and West Asia
  country: Egypt
  summary: Unfinished -- Suggestion: Queen Hatshepsut promoted trade which created wealth --> See "7.4 - b) 4W Chart - West Africa: Salt Trade" that traces the benefits of trade. This same process is the general dynamic of how trade creates wealth.
  source: USC - CALIS. Launched while in development for ease of access with partner teachers who are piloting new materials for new analytical approaches to history. Special thanks to our collaboration team for the 2009-2010 pilot launch. For related materials, search: 4wh
  pdf:    |   handout: 0415    |   guide: 0415g

33.) 
6.2c - a) Timeline - Kush
  topics: culture, history
  format: analytical tools -- concept map
  historical period: Ancient
  region: Middle East -- North Africa and West Asia
  country: Egypt, Sudan
  summary: Timeline of the Kush civilization - customized with quotes from TCI, grade 6. Activity for students to graph: 1) the period of Kushite civilization including its ruling period over Egypt; 2) invasions by Egyptians, Assyrians, Romans, Ethiopians; 3) rule of Amanirenas
  source: USC - CALIS. For related materials, search: 4wh and timeline-set6
  pdf:    |   handout: 0492    |   guide: 0492g

34.) 
6.2c - a) Timeline to Map - Kush
  topics: security, identity
  format: interactive -- think-pair-share
  historical period: Ancient
  region: Middle East -- North Africa and West Asia
  country: Egypt, Ethiopia, Iraq, Italy, Sudan, Syria
  summary: Map activity for Kush using quotes from the timeline activity - customized with TCI, grade 6. Students locate and label the historical location and associate it with its current country location.
  source: USC - CALIS. For related materials, search: 4wh
  pdf:    |   handout: 0498    |   guide: 0498g

35.) 
6.2c - b) 4W Chart - Kush: Cultural Blending
  topics: culture
  format: analytical tools -- four worlds
  historical period: Ancient
  region: Middle East -- North Africa and West Asia
  country: Egypt, Sudan
  summary: Student activity to apply the Four Worlds analytical tool to different periods of Kush civilization when it adopted or adapted aspects of culture from other African groups - customized to TCI Chapter 10, Kingdom of Kush. The 4W chart becomes a pre-write outline to respond to the analytical question: How and why did Kush experience different periods of cultural blending? Suggested for use with "Culture & the iceberg metaphor" - search: iceberg
  source: USC - CALIS. For related materials, search: 4wh
  pdf:    |   handout: 0493    |   guide: 0493g

36.) 
6.3 - a) Timeline - Hebrews
  topics: culture, history
  format: analytical tools -- concept map
  historical period: Ancient
  region: Middle East -- North Africa and West Asia
  country: Israel, Iraq, Egypt, Iran
  summary: Timeline of ancient Hebrew civilization - customized with quotes from TCI, grade 6. Activity for students to graph the Kingdoms of Israel and Judah; 2) invasions by Assyrians, Babylonians, Persians, Greeks, Romans; 3) Exodus and Diaspora
  source: USC - CALIS. For related materials, search: 4wh and timeline-set6
  pdf:    |   handout: 0494    |   guide: 0494g

37.) 
6.3 - a) Timeline to Map - Hebrews
  topics: security, identity
  format: interactive -- think-pair-share
  historical period: Ancient
  region: Middle East -- North Africa and West Asia
  country: Egypt, Greece, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Italy, Syria
  summary: Map activity for Hebrews using quotes from the timeline activity - customized with TCI, grade 6. Students locate and label the historical location and associate it with its current country location.
  source: USC - CALIS. For related materials, search: 4wh
  pdf:    |   handout: 0499    |   guide: 0499g

38.) 
6.3 - b) 4W Chart - Hebrews: Religion & Identity
  topics: belief systems, culture, identity
  format: analytical tools -- four worlds
  historical period: Ancient
  region: Middle East -- North Africa and West Asia
  country: Israel
  summary: Student activity to apply the Four Worlds analytical tool to ancient Hebrew civilization regarding the focus question: How did the religion of the Hebrews help unify and preserve their society?
  source: USC - CALIS. For related materials, search: 4wh or bsr-6
  pdf:    |   handout: 0500    |   guide: 0500g

39.) 
6.4 - a) Timeline - Greece
  topics: culture, history, governance
  format: analytical tools -- concept map
  historical period: Ancient
  region: Trans-regional
  country: Greece, Turkey
  summary: Timeline of ancient Greek civilization - customized with quotes from TCI, grade 6. Activity for students to graph following periods and events: 1) evolving forms of governance: monarchy, oligarchy, tyranny, democracy, 2) Greek colonization, 3) Golden Age of Athens, 4) Persian Wars, 5) Peloponnesian War, and 6) Macedonian Empire. Also includes lifespans of Pericles, Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, King Philip, and Alexander the Great.
  source: USC - CALIS. For related materials, search: 4wh and timeline-set6
  pdf:    |   handout: 0525    |   guide: 0525g

40.) 
6.4 - a1) Continuum - Greek Forms of Government
  topics: governance, political development
  format: analytical tools -- concept map
  historical period: Ancient
  region: Europe/Russia
  country: Greece, United States
  summary: Activity worksheet for students to cite evidence from textbook excerpts: Who has power and how do they use it? Students use a "power sharing" continuum to place of forms of government - monarchy, oligarchy, tyranny, democracy - according to a percentage of shared power. Students then identify "abuse of power" to specify the advantages of a democratic form of government. A third worksheet - a timetable - creates an outline to differentiate the evolving forms of governance.
  source: USC - CALIS. For related materials, search: 4wh
  pdf:    |   handout: 0527    |   guide: 0527g

41.) 
6.4 - b) 4W Chart - Greece 1: Forms of Government
  topics: governance, democracy
  format: analytical tools -- four worlds
  historical period: Ancient
  region: Europe/Russia
  country: Ancient Greece
  summary: Student activity to apply the Four Worlds analytical tool to ancient Greece regarding the question: How and why did monarchies evolve into oligarchies?
  source: USC - CALIS. For related materials, search: 4wh
  pdf:    |   handout: 0681    |   guide: 0681g

42.) 
6.4 - b) 4W Chart - Greece 2: Athens and Sparta compared
  topics: culture, trade, geography
  format: analytical tools -- four worlds
  historical period: Ancient
  region: Europe/Russia
  country: Greece
  summary: Student activity to apply the Four Worlds analytical tool to ancient Greece regarding the question: How did Athens’ promotion of trade and Sparta's limiting (discouragement) of trade influence or relate to other aspects of their societies?
  source: USC - CALIS. Launched while in development for ease of access with partner teachers who are piloting new materials for new analytical approaches to history. Special thanks to our collaboration team for the 2009-2010 pilot launch. For related materials, search: 4wh
  pdf:    |   handout: 0528    |   guide: 0528g

43.) 
6.5 - a) Timeline - Ancient India
  topics: culture, history
  format: analytical tools -- concept map
  historical period: Ancient
  region: Asia
  country: India
  summary: Timeline reference - Ancient World History - customized for TCI, grade 6. May be used as a student activity to mark time periods and events, including: Harappan civilization, Mauryan Empire, Gupta Empire, origins of Hinduism, founding of Buddhism
  source: USC - CALIS. For related materials, search: 4wh and timeline-set6
  pdf:    |   handout: 0489    |   guide: 0489g

44.) 
6.5 - b) 4W Chart - India 1: Hinduism & Social Order
  topics: belief systems, culture
  format: analytical tools -- four worlds
  historical period: Ancient
  region: Asia
  country: India
  summary: Student activity to apply the Four Worlds analytical tool to ancient India regarding the focus question: How did Hinduism provide strong and reliable order for Indian society? or How did Hindu beliefs justify the caste system?
  source: USC CALIS. For related materials, search: 4wh or bsr-6
  pdf:    |   handout: 0505    |   guide: 0505g

45.) 
6.5 - b) 4W Chart - India 2: First Unified Empire
  topics: governance, belief systems
  format: analytical tools -- four worlds
  historical period: Ancient
  region: Asia
  country: India
  summary: Student activity to apply the Four Worlds analytical tool to ancient India regarding the focus question: How did the Mauryan family unify India? Includes the role of Buddhism in the unifying process.
  source: USC - CALIS. For related materials, search: 4wh or bsr-6
  pdf:    |   handout: 0506    |   guide: 0506g

46.) 
6.6 - a) Timeline - China
  topics: governance, belief systems, trade
  format: analytical tools -- concept map
  historical period: Ancient
  region: Asia
  country: China
  summary: Student timeline worksheet to graph periods in Chinese history: 1) dynasties: Shang, Zhou, Qin, Han; 2) life spans of the founders of Confucianism, Daoism, Legalism; 3) Silk Road. To anticipate connections in 7th grade China unit, see 7.3 Timeline that uses this same format and approach.
  source: USC - CALIS. For related materials, search: 4wh and timeline-set6
  pdf:    |   handout: 0452    |   guide: 0452g

47.) 
6.6 - a) TimeTable - Governance across Chinese Dynasties
  topics: governance, belief systems, stability, order
  format: analytical tools -- concept map
  historical period: Ancient
  region: Asia
  country: China
  summary: Worksheet & reference sheet: a table for outlining issues of governance across Chinese dynasties: rulers, type of rule, level of order and stability. Intended as a preview or review of the China unit to "anchor" the main differences and similarities. Ideally intended for discussion and as a pre-write outline for how governance evolved across issues of "harsh rule by force" vs legitimate authority, etc. For continuity & comparison, the same "timetable' is used for China 7.3 for other dynasties.
  source: USC - CALIS. For related materials, search: 4wh
  pdf:    |   handout: 0501    |   guide: 0501g

48.) 
6.6 - b) 4W Chart - China 1: Shang Dynasty, Rise & Fall
  topics: governance
  format: analytical tools -- four worlds
  historical period: Ancient
  region: Asia
  country: China
  summary: Student activity to apply the Four Worlds analytical tool to ancient China regarding the question: How did the Shang Dynasty rise and fall?
  source: USC - CALIS. For related materials, search: 4wh
  pdf:    |   handout: 0509    |   guide: 0509g

49.) 
6.6 - b) 4W Chart - China 2: Zhou Dynasty
  topics: belief systems, Daoism, feudalism
  format: analytical tools -- four worlds
  historical period: Ancient
  region: Asia
  country: China
  summary: Samples of student work provide a guide for the focus question: How did the Zhou Dynasty maintain a stable government? The teacher provides feedback on the impact of the 4W model on student achievement toward two Common Core objectives: 1) How well does the tool enable students to manage content independently? 2) How well does that tool enable students to achieve depth & complexity?
  source: USC CALIS. Submitted by Mimy Mac, Los Center for Enriched Studies (LACES), LAUSD, in Feb 2014 as follow-up to a workshop held in Jan 2014. For related materials, search: 4wh
  pdf:    |   handout: 0733    |   guide: 0733g

50.) 
6.6 - c) Inference Exercise - Zhou: 4W quote activity
  topics: culture, development, means of production, authority
  format: analytical tools -- four worlds
  historical period: Ancient
  region: Asia
  country: ancient China
  summary: "Quote Activity" - a practice exercise to identify and infer Social Science Factors as part of active reading. The worksheet provides quotes from a textbook and asks students to determine the key words that reveal which of the Four Worlds is in play.
  source: USC CALIS. For related materials, search: 4wh, 6.6
  pdf:    |   handout: 0799    |   guide: 0799g

51.) 
6.7 - a) Timeline - Rome: Birth of the Republic
  topics: governance, culture, history
  format: analytical tools / continuum
  historical period: Ancient
  region: Europe / Russia
  country: numerous
  summary: Timeline activity as intro or review: millennium scale, 1000 - 1 BCE. Developed using student textbooks. Includes worksheet that is a time table of "dated quotes" for the timeline. Flows from "Origins of Rome" to Birth of the Republic, Unification of Italy, and Overseas Expansion. Intended for use with 7.1 timeline that continues with the Roman Empire. Includes passages to explore the legacy of Cincinnatus as a symbol of civic duty serving the Roman office of dictator.
  source: USC CALIS. For the full collection, search: 4wh / other search tags: rome-basic and timeline-set6
  pdf:    |   handout: 0466    |   guide: 0466g

52.) 
6.7 - a1) Continuum - Democracy: early forms - Who rules? Who has power?
  topics: governance, democracy
  format: interactive -- think-pair-share
  historical period: Ancient
  region: Europe/Russia
  country: Roman Rebublic
  summary: A continuum compares Greece and Rome to illustrate how movement toward democracy is about greater distribution of power. All information is quoted from 6th grade textbooks. Students are asked to define democracy and clarify why the Roman Republic was not "a full-fledged democracy".
  source: USC - CALIS. For related materials, search: 4wh
  pdf:    |   handout: 0472    |   guide: 0472g

53.) 
6.7 - b) 4W Chart - Rome 1: From Republic to Democracy
  topics: governance, democracy, labor history
  format: analytical tools -- four worlds
  historical period: Ancient
  region: Europe/Russia
  country: Italy
  summary: Student activity to apply the Four Worlds analytical tool to ancient Rome regarding the question: How did the plebeians win their struggle for political equality in the Republic?
  source: USC - CALIS. Launched while in development for ease of access with partner teachers in the Four Worlds of History (4WH) project who are piloting new materials for new analytical approaches to history. For the full collection, search: 4wh / Special search tag: rome-basic
  pdf:    |   handout: 0529    |   guide: 0529g

54.) 
6.7 - Roman Dictators: the first Dark Knights?
  topics: governance, culture, economics, social structures
  format:
  historical period: Ancient
  region:
  country: Roman Republic
  summary: The stories of three dictators -- Cincinnatus, Julius Caesar, and Augustus Caesar (Octavius/Octavian) -- are used to examine problems in managing both the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire. Includes the concept of "benevolent dictator" vs. other factors needed for stability and prosperity.
  source: USC CALIS. Special thanks to our 4W collaboration team. For related materials, search: 4wh
  pdf:    |   handout: 0480    |   guide: 0480g

55.) 
7.0 - Course Mapping - Plan Overview
  topics: department planning guide for critical thinking, connections, change, continuity
  format: analytical tools -- concept map
  historical period: Medieval & Early Modern (800-1799)
  region: Trans-regional
  country: n/a
  summary: For teacher planning toward a fully articulated curriculum. Three different planning charts for focus questions and writing prompts that illustrate a specific strategy to develop critical thinking across 7th grade World History: Medieval & Early Modern Times. Three overview charts: 1) from content to critical thinking, 2) from past to present & personal, and 3) similar questions as before but with full anticipation of how progression can build with a specific textbook (McDougal-Littel sample). The "unit mapping" for each society includes: concepts, focus question, big idea, essential Q, past-present-personal Q, and a concept for continuity & change.
  source: USC - CALIS. For related materials, search: 4wh or full-art
  pdf:    |   handout:    |   guide: 0450g

56.) 
7.0 - Lifeline: Four Worlds of History in My Day & Age
  topics: culture, politics, economics, civil society
  format:
  historical period: New Millennium (2000-present)
  region: Trans-regional
  country: United States
  summary: Timeline activity -- customized for 7th grade students in 2017-18, the high school Class of 2023. Events are color-coded to introduce how the Four Worlds are integrated along with technology and the natural world. Intended as a foundational exercise for students to establish their contemporary historical context from which to build (with reference throughout the year) a deep sense of recent history along with future projections for their lifetime. Includes an interview exercise with an adult to purposefully involve parents/guardians in the model that will be applied on a regular basis.
  source: USC CALIS. Part of the grades 6-12: lifeline-set -- For related materials, search 4wh
  pdf:    |   handout: 0483    |   guide: 0483g

57.) 
7.0 - Slavery: Context vs. Root Cause
  topics: human rights, slavery, labor, economics, ethics
  format: analytical tools -- four worlds
  historical period: Medieval & Early Modern (800-1799)
  region: Global
  country: medieval and early modern societies
  summary: Among the different social contexts of slavery and different characteristics, is there a root cause of slavery? To make a claim and defend it, students analyze textbook passages regarding slavery in in Rome, Africa, the Ottoman Empire, Aztec society and in the Columbian Exchange. They note who slaves were (e.g. prisoners of war, debtors, etc), the types of labor they performed, whether they had rights, and whether or not they could regain freedom. They use a 4W analysis to identify and relate factors of slavery and to organize evidence to support their claim.
  source: USC CALIS. For related materials, search: 4wh, slavery
  pdf:    |   handout: 0476    |   guide: 0476g

58.) 
7.0 - Timeline Preview/Review
  topics: development, comparative history, turning points, concept map
  format: interactive -- group work
  historical period: Medieval & Early Modern (800-1799)
  region: Trans-regional
  country: multiple
  summary: A timeline activity that provides "periods of history" for 7th grade World History as outlined in California standards for Medieval and Early Modern Times. Photos of a teacher pilot test are provided as an example of the final layout.
  source: USC - CALIS. For related materials, search: 4wh and timeline-set7
  pdf:    |   handout:    |   guide: 0632g

59.) 
7.1 - a) Timeline - Roman Empire - century scale
  topics: culture
  format:
  historical period: Medieval & Early Modern (800-1799)
  region:
  country: multiple
  summary: Timeline activity: century scale, 1-1600. Serves as an advance organizer for reading and/or as a review activity. This timeline begins the series for 7th grade using a consistent century scale for comparison across regions. In the guide file, textbook quotes are placed along the timeline to illustrate the unit's time frame. Forthcoming -- A timeline worksheet for students to use textbook quotes in order to outline the sequence of major events, people, etc. in the unit.
  source: USC CALIS. For related materials, search: 4wh and timeline-set7
  pdf:    |   handout: 0544    |   guide: 0544g

60.) 
7.1 - a) Timeline - Roman Empire - millennium scale
  topics: governance, culture, history
  format: analytical tools / continuum
  historical period: Ancient
  region: Europe / Russia
  country: numerous
  summary: Timeline for reference: millennium scale, 1 CE - 2000 CE. Developed using student textbooks. Continues from the 6th grade series that uses a consistent millennium scale for comparison across regions studied in Ancient World History. Intended for use with 6.7 timeline for origins of Rome & birth of the Republic.
  source: USC CALIS. For the full collection, search: 4wh / Other search tags: rome-basic, timeline-set7 and timeline-set6
  pdf:    |   handout:    |   guide: 0467g

61.) 
7.1 - b) 4W Chart - Rome: Problems Facing the Roman Empire
  topics: culture, history
  format: analytical tools -- four worlds
  historical period: Ancient
  region: Europe/Russia
  country: Roman Empire
  summary: Student activity to apply the Four Worlds analytical tool. Step 1 (layer 1) is to outline notes from the textbook - to identify and differentiate information. Step 2 (layer 2) is to make connections amongst the information - relate the dynamics or cause and effect. Step 3 (layer 3) is to infer the key concepts that are not specified by the textbook, but are clearly in play. This process enables students to create a detailed pre-write outline for the subsequent writing task. An outline of paragraph structure is provided by Olivia Naturman to support student writing for this first unit (first essay) of the year.
  source: USC - CALIS. For the full collection, search: 4wh Special search tag: rome-basic
  pdf:    |   handout: 0462    |   guide: 0462g

62.) 
7.1 - c) Inference Exercise - Roman Empire: Factors for Order & Stability
  topics: governance, stability, order
  format: interactive -- think-pair-share
  historical period: Ancient
  region: Europe/Russia
  country: Roman Empire
  summary: Quote Activity - a practice exercise to identify and infer Social Science Factors as part of active reading. The worksheet provides quotes from a textbook and asks students to determine the key words that reveal which of the Four Worlds is in play. Once they determine the "world" - students can use the Social Science Factors reference sheet to identify a specific factor that is in play. A second step of the exercise asks students to organize or outline the content into a 4W chart.
  source: USC - CALIS. For related materials, search: 4wh / Special search tag: rome-basic
  pdf:    |   handout: 0471    |   guide: 0471g

63.) 
7.1 - d) Cause & Effect: Problems Facing the Roman Empire
  topics: governance
  format: analytical tools / four worlds
  historical period: Ancient
  region: Europe / Russia
  country: Roman Empire
  summary: Student activity to extend implications of Rome's various problems -- and to consider ways to address them. A second worksheet provides the option to use 4W charts to directly connect cause & effect among factors. Students practice creating "if/then" statements.
  source: USC CALIS. For related materials, search: 4wh
  pdf:    |   handout: 0473    |   guide: 0473g

64.) 
7.1 - f) Writing Task - Fall of the Roman Empire
  topics: expository writing as creative writing
  format: performance assessment
  historical period: Ancient
  region: Europe/Russia
  country: numerous
  summary: Performance Assessment: Explain problems (in each of the Four Worlds) that led to the decline of the Roman Empire. This simple writing prompt is transformed into a "SCRAP" scenario. The 4W chart analysis enables students to create a detailed pre-write outline for this subsequent writing task, designed as a performance assessment with a rubric of clear content criteria.
  source: USC - CALIS. Part of a series for teacher dialog about the level of content necessary to achieve writing objectives in the Common Core Standards for Literacy in History-Social Studies. For related Common Core materials, search: writing-rubric -- For related content materials, search: 4wh
  pdf:    |   handout: 0470    |   guide: 0470g

65.) 
7.2 - a) Timeline - Islam and the Muslim Empire
  topics: belief systems, culture, history
  format: analytical tools -- concept map
  historical period: Medieval & Early Modern (800-1799)
  region: Middle East -- North Africa and West Asia
  country: Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Spain
  summary: Timeline worksheet to graph significant events in the early history of Islam including the lifespan of Muhammad, the Umayyad and Abbasid empires, the golden age of Islam and Muslim reign in Spain.
  source: USC - CALIS. For related materials, search: 4wh and timeline-set7
  pdf:    |   handout: 0538    |   guide: 0538g

66.) 
7.2 - b) 4W Chart - Islam 1: Explaining the Spread of Islam
  topics: belief systems, culture
  format: analytical tools -- four worlds
  historical period: Medieval & Early Modern (800-1799)
  region: Middle East -- North Africa and West Asia
  country: Saudi Arabia
  summary: Student activity to apply the Four Worlds analytical tool regarding the focus question: What do you think was the most important factor in the spread of Islam? Why? --The guide emphasizes the early period of Islam under the four "rightly-guided caliphs".
  source: USC - CALIS. Launched while in development for ease of access with partner teachers who are piloting new materials for new analytical approaches to history. Special thanks to our collaboration team for the 2010-11 pilot year. For related materials, search: 4wh or bsr-7
  pdf:    |   handout: 0537    |   guide: 0537g

67.) 
7.2 - b) 4W Chart - Islam 2: Explaining the Growth of the Muslim Empire
  topics: governance, empire-building
  format: analytical tools -- four worlds
  historical period: Medieval & Early Modern (800-1799)
  region: Middle East -- North Africa and West Asia
  country: multiple
  summary: Student activity to apply the Four Worlds analytical tool regarding the focus question: What were the most important factors in the growth of the Muslim Empire? --The guide separates factors with Part 1: Umayyad Rule and Part 2: Abbasid Rule, but key "belief factors" are consistent for both ruling families.
  source: USC - CALIS. Launched while in development for ease of access with partner teachers who are piloting new materials for new analytical approaches to history. Special thanks to our collaboration team for the 2010-11 pilot year. For related materials, search: 4wh
  pdf:    |   handout: 0540    |   guide: 0540g

68.) 
7.3 - a) Timeline - China
  topics: governance, belief systems, trade
  format: analytical tools -- concept map
  historical period: Medieval & Early Modern (800-1799)
  region: Asia
  country: China
  summary: Timeline worksheet to graph periods in Chinese history: 1) dynasties: Sui, Tang, Song, Yuan, Ming, Qing; 2) the Mongol Empire; 3) Silk Road. To review 6th grade ancient China, see 6.6 timeline that uses this same format and approach. To combine 6.6 and 7.3 with the present day, see the 7.3 Timeline extension.
  source: USC - CALIS. For related materials, search: 4wh and timeline-set7
  pdf:    |   handout: 0453    |   guide: 0453g

69.) 
7.3 - a) Timeline extension - Ancient China to Present Day
  topics: culture, governance
  format: analytical tools -- concept map
  historical period: New Millennium (2000-present)
  region: Asia
  country: China
  summary: Timeline - extension to present day. Purposefully uses the same "millennium format" of 4000 years for Chinese ancient and medieval history. This timeline offers a fifth millennium to show current 7th graders where they are in relation to the China timeline. Offers the span of US history as a point of reference and other reference points could be added.
  source: USC - CALIS. For related materials, search: 4wh
  pdf:    |   handout:    |   guide: 0496g

70.) 
7.3 - a) TimeTable - Governance across Chinese Dynasties
  topics: governance, belief systems, stability, order
  format: analytical tools -- concept map
  historical period: Medieval & Early Modern (800-1799)
  region: Asia
  country: China
  summary: Worksheet & reference sheet: a table for outlining issues of governance across Chinese dynasties: rulers, type of rule, level of order and stability. Intended as a preview or review of the China unit to "anchor" the main differences and similarities. Ideally intended for discussion and as a pre-write outline for how governance evolved across issues of "harsh rule by force" vs legitimate authority, etc. For continuity & comparison, the same "timetable' is used for China 6.6 for other dynasties.
  source: USC - CALIS. For related materials, search: 4wh
  pdf:    |   handout: 0495    |   guide: 0495g

71.) 
7.3 - b) 4W Chart - China: Han, Sui, Tang Dynasties
  topics: governance, order, stability, belief systems
  format: analytical tools -- four worlds
  historical period: Medieval & Early Modern (800-1799)
  region: Asia
  country: China
  summary: Student activity to apply the Four Worlds analytical tool regarding the focus question: How did the Sui and Tang Dynasties reunify China and establish order? Includes the role of Confucianism, Daoism, and Buddhism in the unifying process.
  source: USC - CALIS. Launched while in development for ease of access with partner teachers who are piloting new materials for new analytical approaches to history. Special thanks to our collaboration team for the 2009-2010 pilot launch. For related materials, search: 4wh or bsr-7
  pdf:    |   handout: 0454    |   guide: 0454g

72.) 
7.3 - c) Inference Exercise - China: Factors for Order & Stability
  topics: governance, order, stability, causes of war / paths to peace
  format: analytical tools -- four worlds
  historical period: Medieval & Early Modern (800-1799)
  region: Asia
  country: China
  summary: Inference activity with textbook excerpts specific to China for 7th grade World History (4wh). Intended for students to develop governance as a theme for comparative study. Can be used as either 1) a customized pre-reading exercise for the specified chapter in order to master concepts that are part of the unit or 2) As a general practice exercise to infer basic concepts in the social sciences and relate them to other cultures or other periods in history
  source: USC - CALIS. Launched while in development for ease of access with partner teachers who are piloting new materials for new analytical approaches to history. Special thanks to our collaboration team for the 2009-2010 pilot launch. For related materials, search: 4wh
  pdf:    |   handout: 0478    |   guide: 0478g

73.) 
7.4a - a) Timeline - Africa: West Africa
  topics: culture
  format: analytical tools -- four worlds
  historical period: Medieval & Early Modern (800-1799)
  region: Trans-regional
  country: multiple
  summary: Timeline activity serves as an advance organizer for reading and/or as a review activity. In the guide file, textbook quotes are placed along the timeline to illustrate the unit's time frame. Forthcoming -- A timeline worksheet for students to use textbook quotes in order to outline the sequence of major events, people, etc. in the unit.
  source: USC - CALIS. For related materials, search: 4wh and timeline-set7
  pdf:    |   handout:    |   guide: 0628g

74.) 
7.4a - b) 4W Chart - West Africa: Salt Trade
  topics: development, trade
  format: analytical tools -- four worlds
  historical period: Medieval & Early Modern (800-1799)
  region: Middle East -- North Africa and West Asia
  country: Ghana, Mali
  summary: Student activity using a Four Worlds chart to outline a response to the analytical question: How did the salt trade affect other aspects of West African society?
  source: USC - CALIS. For related materials, search: 4wh
  pdf:    |   handout: 0497    |   guide: 0497g

75.) 
7.4b - a) Timeline - Africa: Central and Southern
  topics: culture
  format: analytical tools -- four worlds
  historical period: Medieval & Early Modern (800-1799)
  region: Trans-regional
  country: multiple
  summary: Timeline activity serves as an advance organizer for reading and/or as a review activity. In the guide file, textbook quotes are placed along the timeline to illustrate the unit's time frame. Forthcoming -- A timeline worksheet for students to use textbook quotes in order to outline the sequence of major events, people, etc. in the unit.
  source: USC - CALIS. For related materials, search: 4wh and timeline-set7
  pdf:    |   handout:    |   guide: 0629g

76.) 
7.6a - a) Timeline - Feudal Europe
  topics: political economy, empire, religious institutions
  format: analytical tools -- continuum
  historical period: Medieval & Early Modern (800-1799)
  region: Europe/Russia
  country: multiple
  summary: Timeline reference - World History - grade 7 (and grade 10). Feudal Europe is unit of study within the Middle Ages.
  source: USC - CALIS. For related materials, search: 4wh and timeline-set7
  pdf:    |   handout:    |   guide: 0608g

77.) 
7.6a - b) 4W Chart - Feudal Europe
  topics: political economy, governance, production
  format: analytical tools -- four worlds
  historical period: Medieval & Early Modern (800-1799)
  region: Europe/Russia
  country: multiple
  summary: Student activity using a Four Worlds chart to outline a response to the analytical question: How did Europe regain order through feudalism as a political-economic system?
  source: USC - CALIS. Launched while in development for ease of access with partner teachers who are piloting new materials for new analytical approaches to history. For related materials, search: 4wh
  pdf:    |   handout: 0607    |   guide: 0607g

78.) 
7.6b - a) Timeline - Medieval Europe
  topics: belief systems
  format: analytical tools -- continuum
  historical period: Medieval & Early Modern (800-1799)
  region: Europe/Russia
  country: multiple
  summary: Timeline reference - World History - grade 7 (and grade 10). Feudal Europe is covered in the sample textbook as the first component within the Middle Ages so that Medieval Europe is a second part of the Middle Ages unit.
  source: USC - CALIS. For related materials, search: 4wh and timeline-set7
  pdf:    |   handout: 0609    |   guide: 0609g

79.) 
7.7 - a) Timeline - Central and South America
  topics: culture
  format: analytical tools -- four worlds
  historical period: Medieval & Early Modern (800-1799)
  region: Trans-regional
  country: multiple
  summary: Timeline activity serves as an advance organizer for reading and/or as a review activity. In the guide file, textbook quotes are placed along the timeline to illustrate the unit's time frame. Forthcoming -- A timeline worksheet for students to use textbook quotes in order to outline the sequence of major events, people, etc. in the unit.
  source: USC - CALIS. For related materials, search: 4wh and timeline-set7
  pdf:    |   handout:    |   guide: 0630g

80.) 
7.7 - b) 4W comparison: Maya, Aztec, Inca
  topics: culture, politics, economics, social structures
  format: analytical tools -- four worlds
  historical period: Medieval & Early Modern (800-1799)
  region: Latin America
  country:
  summary: Full support for a comparison/contrast essay. Comparison worksheets -- a 4W table and Tri-Venn diagram -- for jigsaw groups to combine information from 4W charts for Maya, Aztec, and Inca societies. Also includes: guide criteria, rubric, essay outline, and peer editing checklist
  source: USC CALIS 4WH development team: Olivia Naturman, Social Science Teacher, Hesby Oaks School, LAUSD.
  pdf:    |   handout: 0716    |   guide:

81.) 
7.7 - f) Writing Scenario & Rubric - The Americas
  topics: culture, politics, economics, social structures
  format: performance assessment
  historical period: Medieval & Early Modern (800-1799)
  region: Latin America
  country:
  summary: A comparison/contrast project of the Maya, Aztec, and Inca civilizations: The Americas 3-D Model and Essay. Includes a writing scenario with guiding criteria, scoring rubric and student self-assessment.
  source: USC CALIS 4WH development team: Olivia Naturman, Social Science Teacher, Hesby Oaks School, LAUSD. Student samples forthcoming as "doc" link. For related materials, search: 4wh-students
  pdf:    |   handout:    |   guide: 0715g

82.) 
7.8 - a) Timeline - Renaissance & Reformation
  topics: culture, history
  format: analytical tools / continuum
  historical period: n/a
  region: Europe / Russia
  country: England, France, Germany, Italy, Spain
  summary: Timeline reference: century scale, 1200-1600. The periods of the Renaissance and the Reformation overlap. Events that are attributed to each as different units of study are combined on this timeline for students to examine relationships. The 16th century begins overlap into the Enlightenment. Developed using textbooks for World History, grade 7. Overlap applies to Modern World History, grade 10.
  source: USC CALIS. For related materials, search: 4wh, 7.8, 7.9, 10.1, 10.2, timeline-set7
  pdf:    |   handout:    |   guide: 0413g

83.) 
7.8 - b) 4W Chart - Renaissance: Rebirth & Transformation
  topics: culture
  format: analytical tools -- four worlds
  historical period: Medieval & Early Modern (800-1799)
  region: Europe/Russia
  country: European nations
  summary: Analytical exercise using a Four Worlds chart to outline a response to the focus question: How did trade & social status affect European society during the Renaissance? The 7.8 timeline combines the Renaissance & Reformation (7.9), and should be used as a reference when working with this 4W chart.
  source: USC CALIS. For related materials, search: 4wh
  pdf:    |   handout: 0434    |   guide: 0434g

84.) 
7.9 - b) 4W Chart - Reformation: Protestants & the Catholic Church
  topics: belief systems, culture
  format:
  historical period: Medieval & Early Modern (800-1799)
  region:
  country: Italy
  summary: Analytical exercise using a Four Worlds chart to outline a response to the focus question: What factors caused the Protestant Reformation? Which were most important? *Because the Renaissance and Reformation are related events in the same time period, the factors of this period are part of both topics. This Reformation 4W chart should be used with the Renaissance 4W chart (7.8) which has the focus question: How did trade & social status affect European society during the Renaissance? The 7.8 timeline combines the Renaissance & Reformation, and should be used as a reference when working with the 4W charts.
  source: USC CALIS. For related materials, search: 4wh
  pdf:    |   handout: 0561    |   guide: 0561g

85.) 
7.9 - d) Reformation: Which is an Effective Frame to Analyze Cause & Effect?
  topics: belief systems
  format:
  historical period: Medieval & Early Modern (800-1799)
  region:
  country: multiple
  summary: Activity -- Think-Pair-Share to review three examples of analyzing cause and effect: two are textbook examples and one is a 4W analysis example of the printing press. Students are asked to consider which approach provides an "effective analytical frame" for them to do an analysis of cause & effect. This activity is intended for teacher and student dialog about "working smarter" in the classroom and developing strategies that support rigorous critical thinking.
  source: USC CALIS. For related materials, search: 4wh, assess-task
  pdf:    |   handout: 0545    |   guide: 0545g

86.) 
7.x10 - a) Timeline - Scientific Revolution & its Origins
  topics: development of ideas, rationalism, scientific method
  format: analytical tools / continuum
  historical period: Medieval & Early Modern (800-1799)
  region: Europe / Russia
  country: Greece, Europe, Persia, Iran
  summary: Timeline reference activity: millennium scale, 1000 BCE - 2000 CE. Scientific Revolution is combined with previous time periods in order to document the "evolution of ideas" from the ancient Greeks through further development by Jewish, Muslim, and Christian scholars and up to the Scientific Revolution. The time periods covered across 7th grade are displayed to show overlap and connections: Golden Age of Athens, Feudal Europe, Medieval Europe, Islamic Golden Age, Renaissance & Reformation, Age of Exploration, Age of Enlightenment
  source: USC CALIS. Note that 7.10 must be coded as 7.x10 so that items will sort in order. For related materials, search: 4wh, 7.8, 7.9, 7.11, 10.1, 10.2, timeline-set7
  pdf:    |   handout: 0526    |   guide: 0526g

87.) 
8.0 - Course Mapping - Plan Overview
  topics: department planning guide for critical thinking, connections, change, continuity
  format:
  historical period: n/a
  region:
  country: United States
  summary: For teacher planning toward a fully articulated curriculum. Two different planning charts for focus questions and writing prompts that illustrate a specific strategy to develop critical thinking across 8th grade U.S. History. Two overview charts: 1) from content to critical thinking, 2) from past to present & personal. The "unit mapping" for each standard includes: concepts, focus question, big idea, essential Q, past-present-personal Q, and a concept for continuity & change.
  source: USC CALIS. For related materials, search: 4wh or 4wh-us8 or full-art
  pdf:    |   handout:    |   guide: 0687g

88.) 
8.0 - Course Mapping - Plan Overview - Textbook
  topics: US History
  format: other
  historical period: 19th Century (1800-1899)
  region: Canada / US
  country: United States
  summary: Prepared for the Arsalyn Mini-Conference 2013. For related materials, search: full-art, 4wh-us8
  source: USC CALIS 4WH development team: Nancy Ruvalcaba, Social Science & Language Arts Teacher, Bud Carson Middle School, Hawthorne School District. (Draft 2-23-13)
  pdf:    |   handout:    |   guide: 0692g

89.) 
8.0 - Lifeline: Four Worlds of History in My Day & Age
  topics: culture, politics, economics, civil society
  format:
  historical period: New Millennium (2000-present)
  region: Trans-regional
  country: United States
  summary: Timeline activity -- customized for 8th grade students in 2017-18, the high school Class of 2022. Events are color-coded to introduce how the Four Worlds are integrated along with technology and the natural world. Intended as a foundational exercise for students to establish their contemporary historical context from which to build (with reference throughout the year) a deep sense of recent history along with future projections for their lifetime. Includes an interview exercise with an adult to purposefully involve parents/guardians in the model that will be applied on a regular basis.
  source: USC CALIS. Part of the grades 6-12: lifeline-set -- For related materials, search: 4wh-us8
  pdf:    |   handout: 0484    |   guide: 0484g

90.) 
8.0 - Three Worlds Collide in the "New World"
  topics: development
  format:
  historical period: Medieval & Early Modern (800-1799)
  region:
  country: United States, trans-regional
  summary:
  source: USC CALIS 4WH development team: Olivia Naturman, Social Science Teacher, Hesby Oaks School, LAUSD. First piloted in 7th grade World History, Sept 2011. For related materials, search: 4wh-us8
  pdf:    |   handout: 0706    |   guide: 0706g

91.) 
8.0 - Timeline Preview/Review
  topics: development, comparative history, turning points, concept map
  format: analytical tools -- continuum
  historical period: 19th Century (1800-1899)
  region: Canada/US
  country: United States
  summary: A timeline activity for 8th grade United States History using Four Worlds. Photos of a teacher pilot test are provided as an example of the final layout.
  source: USC - CALIS. For related materials, search: 4wh and timeline-set8
  pdf:    |   handout:    |   guide: 0710g

92.) 
8.1 - a) Timeline - US History: the colonies through the cold war
  topics: culture, politics, economics, civil society, technology
  format:
  historical period: Late 20th Century (1946-1999)
  region:
  country: United States
  summary: Timeline uses the "century format" and a Four Worlds color-code: 1600-1700s and 1800-1900s. Other timelines in the collection use the same format for continuity across centuries. When the same century is covered with a different topic or different regional focus, the time period can be easily compared to examine how events may be related.
  source: USC CALIS. For related materials, search: 4wh-us8 or timeline-set8
  pdf:    |   handout: 0558    |   guide: 0558g

93.) 
8.1 - b) 4W Chart - American Revolution: Causes
  topics: governance, development
  format:
  historical period: Medieval & Early Modern (800-1799)
  region:
  country: United States
  summary: Student activity to apply the Four Worlds analytical tool regarding the focus question: How did factors come together to support the American Revolution? What was the most important factor that led to the American Revolution? Was it inevitable?
  source: USC CALIS. For related materials, search: 4wh-us8
  pdf:    |   handout: 0559    |   guide: 0559g

94.) 
8.1 - c) Inference Exercise - Early American Culture: 4W quote activity
  topics: culture, identity, private property
  format:
  historical period: Medieval & Early Modern (800-1799)
  region:
  country: United States
  summary: "Quote Activity" - a practice exercise to identify and infer Social Science Factors as part of active reading. The worksheet provides quotes from a textbook and asks students to determine the key words that reveal which of the Four Worlds is in play. Once they determine the "world" - students can use the Social Science Factors reference sheet to identify a specific factor. A second step of the exercise asks students to match the quotes into a 4W chart.
  source: USC CALIS. For related materials, search: 4wh-us8
  pdf:    |   handout: 0635    |   guide: 0635g

95.) 
8.2 - a) Timeline - US History: 1770-1800
  topics: governance, nation building, human rights
  format:
  historical period: Medieval & Early Modern (800-1799)
  region:
  country: United States
  summary: Timeline uses the "3-decade format" and a Four Worlds color-code. This timeline notes the documents examined in California standard 8.2 regarding principles in the US Constitution. The period overlaps with standards on the American political system (8.3), a new nation (8.4), and early US foreign policy (8.5). Other timelines in the collection use the same format for continuity across decades.
  source: USC CALIS. For related materials, search: 4wh-us8 or timeline-set8
  pdf:    |   handout:    |   guide: 0571g

96.) 
8.2 - a) TimeTable: Documenting Political Principles of the US Constitution
  topics: governance, human rights
  format:
  historical period: Medieval & Early Modern (800-1799)
  region:
  country: United States
  summary: Worksheet & reference sheet: a table for outlining or "documenting" political principles in nine major documents, starting with the Magna Carta and including the English Bill of Rights on through to the Constitution and Bill of Rights.
  source: USC CALIS. For related materials, search: 4wh-us8
  pdf:    |   handout: 0560    |   guide: 0560g

97.) 
8.2 - b) 4W Chart #1 - US Constitution: Principles & Freedoms
  topics: governance, human rights
  format:
  historical period: Medieval & Early Modern (800-1799)
  region:
  country: United States
  summary: Applies the Four Worlds analytical tool to the focus question: How do principles of the Constitution & Bill of Rights reflect freedoms and rights in each of the Four Worlds?
  source: USC CALIS. For related materials, search: 4wh-us8
  pdf:    |   handout: 0572    |   guide: 0572g

98.) 
8.2 - b) 4W Chart #2 - US Constitution: Preamble & Functions of Government
  topics: governance, human rights
  format:
  historical period: Medieval & Early Modern (800-1799)
  region:
  country: United States
  summary: Applies the Four Worlds analytical tool to the focus question: How does the Preamble to the Constitution reflect the functions of government?
  source: USC CALIS. For related materials, search: 4wh-us8
  pdf:    |   handout: 0576    |   guide: 0576g

99.) 
8.6 - a) Timeline - US History: the early 1800s
  topics: development, nation building
  format:
  historical period: 19th Century (1800-1899)
  region:
  country: United States
  summary: Timeline uses the "3-decade format" and a Four Worlds color-code: 1800-1830 and 1830-1860. This timeline overlaps California standards regarding developments in the early 1800s in the Northeast (8.6), the South (8.7), and the West (8.8). Other timelines in the collection use the same format for continuity across decades.
  source: USC CALIS. For related materials, search: 4wh-us8 or timeline-set8
  pdf:    |   handout:    |   guide: 0567g

100.) 
8.6 - b) 4W Chart - The Early 1800s: the Northeast
  topics: development, nation building, industrialization
  format:
  historical period: 19th Century (1800-1899)
  region:
  country: United States
  summary: Applies the Four Worlds analytical tool to the focus question: Describe events in the Northeast during the early 1800s and explain significant developments.
  source: USC CALIS. For related materials, search: 4wh-us8
  pdf:    |   handout: 0568    |   guide: 0568g

101.) 
8.6 and 8.7 - Inference Exercise with State Standards
  topics: development, nation building
  format: analytical tools -- four worlds
  historical period:
  region: Canada/US
  country: United States
  summary: The state standards are used as quotes to create an inference exercise. Students analyze the standards by using the factor sheet to determine the world and factor for each sub-standard. As evidence, students cite (highlight or underline) the key words that determined their decisions.
  source: USC CALIS 4WH development team: Olivia Naturman, Social Science Teacher, Hesby Oaks School, LAUSD.
  pdf:    |   handout: 0719    |   guide:

102.) 
8.6 and 8.7 - Writing Scenarios for North-South
  topics: development, nation building
  format: performance assessment
  historical period: 19th Century (1800-1899)
  region: Canada/US
  country: United States
  summary: Three different writing assignments with rubrics: Group Essay, Newscast, and Flip Book.
  source: USC CALIS 4WH development team: Olivia Naturman, Social Science Teacher, Hesby Oaks School, LAUSD.
  pdf:    |   handout: 0718    |   guide:

103.) 
8.7 - b) 4W Chart - The Early 1800s: the South
  topics: development, nation building
  format:
  historical period: 19th Century (1800-1899)
  region:
  country: United States
  summary: Applies the Four Worlds analytical tool to the focus question: Describe events in the South during the early 1800s and explain significant developments.
  source: USC CALIS. For related materials, search: 4wh-us8
  pdf:    |   handout: 0569    |   guide: 0569g

104.) 
8.8 - b) 4W Chart - The Early 1800s: the West
  topics: development, nation building
  format:
  historical period: 19th Century (1800-1899)
  region:
  country: United States
  summary: Applies the Four Worlds analytical tool to the focus question: Describe events in the West during the early 1800s and explain significant developments.
  source: USC CALIS. For related materials, search: 4wh-us8
  pdf:    |   handout: 0570    |   guide: 0570g

105.) 
8.x11 - c) Inference Exercise - Reconstruction: 4W quote activity
  topics: development, redevelopment
  format:
  historical period: Medieval & Early Modern (800-1799)
  region:
  country: United States
  summary: "Quote Activity" - a practice exercise to identify and infer Social Science Factors as part of active reading. The worksheet provides quotes from a textbook and asks students to determine the key words that reveal which of the Four Worlds is in play. Once they determine the "world" - students can use the Social Science Factors reference sheet to identify a specific factor that is in play. This exercise includes a further step for students to relate how the factors impact equity.
  source: USC CALIS 4WH development team: Olivia Naturman, Social Science Teacher, Hesby Oaks School, LAUSD. First piloted in 8th grade US History, Spring 2011. For related materials, search: 4wh-us8
  pdf:    |   handout: 0634    |   guide:

106.) 
9.0 - Lifeline: Four Worlds of History in My Day & Age
  topics: culture, politics, economics, civil society
  format:
  historical period: New Millennium (2000-present)
  region: Trans-regional
  country: United States
  summary: Timeline activity -- customized for 9th grade students in 2017-18, the high school Class of 2021. Events are color-coded to introduce how the Four Worlds are integrated along with technology and the natural world. Intended as a foundational exercise for students to establish their contemporary historical context from which to build (with reference throughout the year) a deep sense of recent history along with future projections for their lifetime. Includes an interview exercise with an adult to purposefully involve parents/guardians in the model that will be applied on a regular basis.
  source: USC CALIS. Part of the grades 6-12: lifeline-set -- (lifeline-set-hs) -- For related materials, search 4wh
  pdf:    |   handout: 0485    |   guide: 0485g

107.) 
Antz: an introduction to Four Worlds
  topics: culture, politics, economics, class, status, mobility
  format:
  historical period: n/a
  region: Global
  country: multiple
  summary: Activity for students to identify factors in Four Worlds as they watch the first 15 minutes of Antz. Used as introductory practice at inferring and organizing information in Four Worlds. After some explanation and class discussion of Four Worlds, students then use a 4W reference sheets to relate key words, phrases and ideas from the story to 4W factors.
  source: USC CALIS 4WH development team: Jenn Mickey, Social Science and Language Arts Teacher, Los Angeles Academy Middle School, LAUSD. First piloted in 6th grade Ancient World History, September 2010.
  pdf:    |   handout: 0631    |   guide: 0631g

108.) 
Antz: Relate & Review Ancient History
  topics: culture, connecting past & present
  format: performance assessment
  historical period: New Millennium (2000-present)
  region: Trans-regional
  country: multiple
  summary: The feature film "Antz" is used at the end of the year to connect concepts to ancient civilizations (as outlined for 6th grade in California). Two types of activities ask students to relate the story and Antz society to Ancient History. First, a worksheet poses questions with specific connections and includes an optional word bank of fill-in-the-blank answers. Second, textbook passages for China, India, Greece and Rome are compared to specific scenes in the film. Search: antz
  source: USC CALIS 4W development team: Karen West, Social Science and Language Arts Teacher, Mulholland Middle School, LAUSD. First piloted in 6th grade Ancient World History, June 2010. For related materials, search: 4wh
  pdf:    |   handout: 0625    |   guide: 0625g

109.) 
Belief Systems - Comparative Table: Christianity
  topics: belief systems, culture
  format: analytical tools -- concept map
  historical period: Ancient
  region: Trans-regional
  country: multiple
  summary: A chart to outline textbook information in a similar manner across 6th grade world history. Part of a series to evaluate significant similarities and differences between religions and to juxtapose the role of non-religious beliefs systems. This Christianity chart is based on content in TCI for Rome (6.7) and can be used for 7.1
  source: USC - CALIS. Launched while in development for ease of access with partner teachers who are piloting new materials for new analytical approaches to history. Special thanks to our collaboration team for the 2009-2010 pilot launch. For related materials, search: 4wh or bsr-6 or bsr-7
  pdf:    |   handout: 0532    |   guide: 0532g

110.) 
Belief Systems - Comparative Table: Islam
  topics: belief systems, culture
  format: analytical tools -- concept map
  historical period: Medieval & Early Modern (800-1799)
  region: Middle East -- North Africa and West Asia
  country: Saudi Arabia
  summary: A chart to outline textbook information in a similar manner across belief systems in world history. Part of a series to evaluate significant similarities and differences between religions and to juxtapose the role of non-religious beliefs systems. This Islam chart is based on content in McDougal-Littell for 7.2
  source: USC - CALIS. Launched while in development for ease of access with partner teachers who are piloting new materials for new analytical approaches to history. Special thanks to our collaboration team for the 2010-11 pilot year. For related materials, search: 4wh or or bsr-7
  pdf:    |   handout: 0539    |   guide: 0539g

111.) 
Building Context: Creating America
  topics: governance, empire, sovereignty, rights, land, labor, plantation economy
  format: analytical tools / four worlds
  historical period: Medieval & Early Modern (800-1799)
  region: Canada / US
  country: United States
  summary: A 4W inference exercise with textbook quotes is used to illustrate six context issues in 17th century colonial America. Includes 3 more components that provide context to the focus question: What factors played a primary role in causing the American Revolutionary War? After quotes, a secondary source on the Powhatan attacks of 1622 expands a Native American perspective and examines word choice. The quotes are connected to a timeline of the 17th century and compared to an 18th century timeline with textbook references.
  source: USC CALIS. Developed for partnership with Hawthorne School District (tag: hsd). For related materials, search: 4wh or 4wh-us8
  pdf:    |   handout: 0894    |   guide: 0894g

112.) 
Comparing Belief Systems across Ancient Civilizations - Timeline
  topics: belief systems, culture
  format: analytical tools -- concept map
  historical period: Ancient
  region: Trans-regional
  country: multiple
  summary: A timeline worksheet and chart to compare belief systems across 6th grade world history. Part of a series to evaluate significant similarities and differences between religions and to juxtapose the role of non-religious beliefs systems.
  source: USC - CALIS. Launched while in development for ease of access with partner teachers who are piloting new materials for new analytical approaches to history. Special thanks to our collaboration team for the 2009-2010 pilot launch. For related materials, search: 4wh or bsr-6 or bsr-7
  pdf:    |   handout: 0531    |   guide: 0531g

113.) 
Context Issues: Creating America - Bacon's Rebellion
  topics: governance, sovereignty, class conflict, land, labor, plantation economy
  format: analytical tools / four worlds
  historical period: Medieval & Early Modern (800-1799)
  region: Canada / US
  country: United States
  summary: An extension of the 4W inference exercise that only touches on Bacon's Rebellion. This 4W analysis is customized to a 10-min video (an APUSH resource, Advanced Placement US History). Includes "Connecting Past & Present" with USA Today report on truck drivers with the Port of Los Angeles being treated like indentured servants.
  source: USC CALIS. Developed for partnership with Hawthorne School District (tag: hsd). For related materials, search: 4wh or 4wh-us8
  pdf:    |   handout: 0895    |   guide: 0895g

114.) 
Democracy: tracing the path - defining stages of an ideal
  topics: governance, democracy, power, human rights
  format: analytical tools -- continuum
  historical period: n/a
  region: Trans-regional
  country: United States
  summary: A continuum stretches from an authoritarian to a democratic system to illustrate movement toward the ideal of democracy. Compares the birth of democracy in Greek, Roman, and American history to distinguish the breadth of issues dealing with equal power and equal treatment. Questions are layered to clarify how we define democracy and think of power. The continuum and content are used to establish a frame and criteria to examine: Is American democracy waxing or waning?
  source: USC CALIS. For related materials in US history, government, and political economy, search: 4wh-us8, 4wh-us11, 8.1, 8.2, 10.1, 10.2, 11.1, 12.1 -- For related materials on nation building, functions of government, role of government, search: gvnc-basic -- For a focus on democracy, search: my-democracy -- For a focus on equal rights, search: equal-id or equal-rts
  pdf:    |   handout: 0646    |   guide: 0646g

115.) 
George Washington, the Entrepreneur
  topics: character analysis, virtue clusters
  format: interactive / think-pair-share
  historical period: Medieval & Early Modern (800-1799)
  region: Canada / US
  country:
  summary: Using a biography, which traits and virtues apply to George Washington? Students cite evidence from the text to support their determination of qualities that describe his character. A second step asks: "Is Washington’s story an example of the American Dream? Use 4W factors to explain why or why not." For Hawthorne 8th grade, intended to thread earlier issues with Shark Tank and Bacon's Rebellion.
  source: USC CALIS. Developed for partnership with Hawthorne School District (tag: hsd). For related materials, search: 4wh or 4wh-us8
  pdf:    |   handout: 0896    |   guide: 0896g

116.) 
Lifeline - 11th: Four Worlds of History in My Day & Age
  topics: culture, politics, economics, civil society
  format:
  historical period: New Millennium (2000-present)
  region: Trans-regional
  country: United States
  summary: Timeline activity -- customized for 11th grade students in 2017-18, the high school Class of 2019. Events are color-coded to introduce how the Four Worlds are integrated along with technology and the natural world. Intended as a foundational exercise for students to establish their contemporary historical context from which to build (with reference throughout the year) a deep sense of recent history along with future projections for their lifetime. Includes an interview exercise with an adult to purposefully involve parents/guardians in the model that will be applied on a regular basis.
  source: USC CALIS. Part of the grades 6-12: lifeline-set (lifeline-set-hs) -- For other 11th grade resources in US History, search: 4wh-us11 or timeline-set11
  pdf:    |   handout: 0487    |   guide: 0487g

117.) 
Lifeline - 12th: Four Worlds of History in My Day & Age
  topics: culture, politics, economics, civil society
  format:
  historical period: New Millennium (2000-present)
  region: Trans-regional
  country: United States
  summary: Timeline activity -- customized for 12th grade students in 2017-18, the high school Class of 2018. Events are color-coded to introduce how the Four Worlds are integrated along with technology and the natural world. Intended as a foundational exercise for students to establish their contemporary historical context from which to build (with reference throughout the year) a deep sense of recent history along with future projections for their lifetime. Includes an interview exercise with an adult to purposefully involve parents/guardians in the model that will be applied on a regular basis.
  source: USC CALIS. Part of the grades 6-12: lifeline-set -- (lifeline-set-hs) -- For related materials, search 4wh
  pdf:    |   handout: 0488    |   guide: 0488g

118.) 
Literary Analysis: The Giver
  topics: governance, utopia, human rights, belief systems
  format: analytical tools -- four worlds
  historical period: New Millennium (2000-present)
  region: n/a
  country: United States
  summary: Samples of student work: Students use a Four Worlds analysis to first describe the USA Today and then the Giver community. The comparison is used to consider: Why did the Elders consider (way back at their beginning) changing the government to this "Utopia" and how it turned to a dystopia?
  source: USC CALIS. Four Worlds of Literature: dystopian novels as an intensely practical and meaningful integration of language arts and social sciences. Developed by Pamela Loew, English Teacher, Woodland Hills Academy, LAUSD. First piloted in 7th grade Honors English, May 2013. For related materials, search: 4W-lit, 4wh-students
  pdf: 0702    |   handout:    |   guide: 0702g

119.) 
MWH 10.0 -2- Course Mapping for Case Teaching - Planning Calendar
  topics: case teaching with analytical tools, department planning guide
  format: case teaching
  historical period: n/a
  region: Global
  country: any/all
  summary: Dept plan -- in development. Calendar for Fall 2014 and Spring 2015. Presents a sample plan of tools and cases as options for teachers. Also models how the flow of content can be layered to deepen concepts and gather examples as evidence -- in conjunction with the textbook. This calendar file corresponds to planning notes that detail the focus-flow-fit of tools, cases and activities (i.e. "analytical exercises").
  source: USC CALIS in collaboration with Sylmar High School, LAUSD. File will be updated as planning continues in 2014-15. For related materials, search: 4wh or full-art or sylmar
  pdf:    |   handout:    |   guide: 0688g

120.) 
MWH 10.0 -3- Course Mapping for Case Teaching - Planning Focus-Flow-Fit
  topics: case teaching with analytical tools, department planning guide
  format: case teaching
  historical period: n/a
  region: Global
  country: any/all
  summary: Dept plan -- in development. Daily planner for Unit 1, Fall 2014. Presents a rationale of the focus-flow-fit of tools, cases and activities as an example of how materials can build purposefully and systematically in response to the focus question. This file of detailed planning notes corresponds to calendar.
  source: USC CALIS in collaboration with Sylmar High School, LAUSD. File will be updated as planning continues in 2014-15. For related materials, search: 4wh or full-art or sylmar
  pdf:    |   handout:    |   guide: 0734g

121.) 
MWH 10.0 a) Timeline: Modern Evolution (in the West)
  topics: development, governance, political economy, human rights,
  format:
  historical period: n/a
  region: Trans-regional
  country: United States
  summary: Timeline reference: millennium scale, 1000-2000. Marks time periods and major trends: Mercantilism, Imperialism, Enclosure Movement, 2nd Agricultural Revolution, Industrialization, Urbanization, etc. Builds from "Timeline—Scientific Revolution & its Origins" (7.x10) where different time periods are displayed to show overlap and connections: Medieval Europe, Renaissance & Reformation, Exploration, Enlightenment.
  source: USC CALIS. For related materials, search: 4wh-mwh, 7.10, 10.1, 10.2
  pdf:    |   handout:    |   guide: 0581g

122.) 
MWH 10.0 b) 4W chart - Modern Evolution (in the West)
  topics: development, governance, political economy, human rights
  format: analytical tools / four worlds
  historical period: n/a
  region: Trans-regional
  country: United States
  summary: Applies the Four Worlds analytical tool to the focus question: How did trends and events shape modern society in the West? Which factors were most influential or important?
  source: USC CALIS. For related materials, search: 4wh-mwh, 10.1, 10.2
  pdf:    |   handout: 0582    |   guide: 0582g

123.) 
MWH 10.4 b) 4W Chart - Imperialism: Economic Imperialism in Latin America
  topics: development, governance, democracy
  format: analytical tools -- four worlds
  historical period: 19th Century (1800-1899)
  region: Latin America
  country: n/a
  summary: 4W analysis is used to provide a "broader curricular context" for the Common Core "close reading" strategy. The exercise demonstrates how social science factors can be inferred from two textbook pages in order to respond to the text question: What factors undermined democracy in post-independence Latin America? A blank rubric is provided for teachers to determine clear criteria for the level of reasoning & evidence needed for a proficient response.
  source: USC CALIS. Temporary launch for ease of access with partner teachers who are piloting new materials for new analytical approaches to history. For related materials, search: 4wh-mwh
  pdf:    |   handout: 0720    |   guide:

124.) 
NPR: 'India Calling': The New 'Land Of Opportunity'?
  topics: belief systems, nation building, development, human rights
  format: case teaching
  historical period: New Millennium (2000-present)
  region: Asia
  country: India, United States
  summary: Thesis: India is experiencing a time of “new hope” for its lower classes while America’s defining narrative of hope (the American Dream) is in decline. However, India does not have America’s institutional advantages that took centuries to build. Report includes: caste distinctions, "eternal inferiority" of servant to master, kick the dog syndrome, the self-made Indian, power of ideas, "fundamentals" of opportunity. A case option for HSLC 2011. Includes a 4W chart analytical exercise for the case itself (4wh-npr) and one to explore the 4W of hope. ---- HSBC option
  source: NPR copyright 2011. Steve Inskeep, 01-04-2011. Customized transcript by USC CALIS, 2011. Launched with NPR permission as pilot materials for the High School Case Teaching Initiative. Downloads are for educational use only.
  pdf:    |   handout: 0587    |   guide: 0587g

125.) 
NPR: Ban Thwarts 'Year of the Pig' Ads in China
  topics: culture, identity, social order, minority rights
  format: case teaching
  historical period: New Millennium (2000-present)
  region: Asia
  country: China
  summary: NPR transcript - thesis: China’s ban on pig images for the Year of the Pig illustrates complexity of its role as “an arbiter of harmony.” CALIS analytical tools to apply: functions of government, good governance. Includes a customized 4W chart analytical exercise. Recommended for past-present-personal connections in the Four Worlds of History project, search: 4wh-npr -- and for governance and identity, search: identity-sec -- and for selected resources on China, search: china-demo
  source: NPR copyright 2007. Louisa Lim, 02-06-2007. Customized transcript by USC CALIS, 2007. Launched with NPR permission as pilot materials for the High School Case Teaching Initiative. Downloads are for educational use only.
  pdf:    |   handout: 0305    |   guide: 0305g

126.) 
NPR: Cairo Residents Guard Against Looters
  topics: governance, revolution, popular rebellion, fear tactics
  format: case teaching
  historical period: New Millennium (2000-present)
  region: Middle East -- North Africa and West Asia
  country: Egypt
  summary: Part of series on popular uprisings in the Arab Spring 2011. Report deals with possible government fear tactics and whether there is a "big illusion" of chaos "where people would start saying, why did we do all this? We want Mubarak back. We want repression back." Includes a 4W chart analytical exercise and an activity connecting the US Declaration of Independence to consider the question: What made Egyptians take to the streets? A case option for HSLC 2011. Recommended for use in US History as part of the 4WH project, search: 4wh-npr and 4wh-us
  source: NPR copyright 2011. Soraya Sarhaddi Nelson, 02-01-2011. Customized transcript by USC CALIS, 2011. Launched with NPR permission as pilot materials for the High School Case Teaching Initiative. Downloads are for educational use only.
  pdf:    |   handout: 0595    |   guide: 0595g

127.) 
NPR: Internet Helps To Hold Chinese Accountable
  topics: governance, transparency, accountability, social change
  format: case teaching
  historical period: New Millennium (2000-present)
  region: Asia
  country: China
  summary: The Internet is forcing a new level of accountability in China, but there are limits and a long way to go. Questions include: How is the Internet changing the balance of power in many societies? Includes a customized 4W chart analytical exercise. A case option for HSLC 2011. For NPR cases in the middle school case pilot that include a custom 4W chart, search: 4wh-npr -- For selected resources on China, search: china-demo
  source: NPR copyright 2011. Rob Gifford, 01-26-2011. Customized transcript by USC CALIS, 2011. Launched with NPR permission as pilot materials for the High School Case Teaching Initiative. Downloads are for educational use only.
  pdf:    |   handout: 0593    |   guide: 0593g

128.) 
NPR: Japanese Told To Beat The Heat With Hawaiian Shirts
  topics: culture, role of government
  format: case teaching
  historical period: New Millennium (2000-present)
  region: Asia
  country: Japan
  summary: The Japanese government launched a new dress code campaign to save energy. The report discusses people's resistance to change. Case analysis includes a custom 4W chart and how fashion can defy common sense. Recommended for use with the 4WH project for 7th grade World History, search: 7.5 -- For similar cases, search: 4wh-npr
  source: NPR copyright 2011. Louisa Lim, 06-09-2011. Customized transcript by USC CALIS, 2011. Launched with NPR permission as pilot materials for the High School Case Teaching Initiative. Downloads are for educational use only.
  pdf:    |   handout: 0623    |   guide: 0623g

129.) 
NPR: Keeping China's Ancient Music Alive
  topics: culture, belief systems, social structures, art & society
  format: case teaching
  historical period: Ancient
  region: Asia
  country: China
  summary: Ancient musical notations from the Tang Dynasty have been deciphered. The report discusses Tang music "as a tool" to reinforce social harmony and political authority, and the broadcast includes many music samples. Case analysis includes a custom 4W chart and how virtues support cultural values. Recommended for use with the 4WH project for 7th grade World History, search: 7.3 -- For similar cases, search: 4wh-npr -- For selected resources on China, search: china-demo
  source: NPR copyright 2009. Anthony Kuhn, 03-10-2009. Customized transcript by USC CALIS, 2011. Launched with NPR permission as pilot materials for the High School Case Teaching Initiative. Downloads are for educational use only.
  pdf:    |   handout: 0612    |   guide: 0612g

130.) 
NPR: Paris Neighborhood Stores Thrive
  topics: governance, political economy, political culture
  format: case teaching
  historical period: New Millennium (2000-present)
  region: Europe/Russia
  country: France
  summary: Parisians "systematically refuse the huge retailers" in order to preserve and protect small businesses and economic diversity. Includes a customized 4W chart that illustrates the relationship between political culture and political economy. Poses a research question to investigate how other cities encourage and support small businesses. For related materials, search: amoral, 4wh-npr ---- HSBC option
  source: NPR copyright 2007. Eleanor Beardsley, 06-25-2007. Customized transcript by USC CALIS, 2007. Launched with NPR permission as pilot materials for the High School Case Teaching Initiative. Downloads are for educational use only.
  pdf:    |   handout: 0328    |   guide: 0328g

131.) 
NPR: Post Arab Spring, Where Do Islamist Parties Stand?
  topics: governance, democracy, belief systems
  format: case teaching
  historical period: New Millennium (2000-present)
  region: Middle East -- North Africa and West Asia
  country: Egypt
  summary: Report includes: a fundamental question... Is democracy compatible with a country where there's a large Islamist movement? Activity includes a 4W analysis of liberal democracy: What is the relationship between democracy & equality? For related materials, search: equal-rts, 4wh-npr
  source: NPR copyright 2014. Steve Inskeep, 04-01-2014. Customized transcript by USC CALIS, 2014. Launched with NPR permission as pilot materials for the High School Case Teaching Initiative. Downloads are for educational use only.
  pdf:    |   handout: 0744    |   guide: 0744g

132.) 
Social Commentary Film Series / Entertainment as Education: Antz
  topics: culture, social order, social responsibility, individual and society, status, choice, role of labor
  format: case teaching
  historical period: Ancient
  region: Trans-regional
  country: multiple
  summary: Themes and concepts are identified in the feature film "Antz" and are specifically tied to history. A scene index highlights selected movie lines, with notes regarding literary devices and history connections. A special exercise uses passages from a textbook for Ancient Civilizations (TCI 6th grade) and relates characters and events in the film to ancient China, India, Greece, and Rome. Also highly recommended for Modern World History (10th grade) that begins with Greece & Rome and political themes regarding the role of individuals, labor, or the military.
  source: USC - CALIS. Launched while in development for ease of access with partner teachers who are piloting new materials for new analytical approaches to history. For related materials, search: 4wh or film series
  pdf:    |   handout: 0530    |   guide: 0530g

133.) 
Social Commentary Film Series / Entertainment as Education: Lions for Lambs
  topics: belief systems, American political culture, civic responsibility, choice, potential, vigilance, role
  format: case teaching
  historical period: New Millennium (2000-present)
  region: Canada/US
  country: United States
  summary: Themes and concepts are identified in the feature film "Lions for Lambs". A scene index highlights selected movie lines with questions regarding personal engagement, examples of literary devices, and links to expand certain themes.
  source: USC - CALIS. Launched while in development for ease of access with partner teachers who are piloting new materials for new analytical approaches to the social sciences. For related materials, search: 4wh or film series
  pdf:    |   handout: 0585    |   guide: 0585g

134.) 
Stability and Prosperity: 4W comparative analysis
  topics: security, human rights
  format: analytical tools -- four worlds
  historical period: New Millennium (2000-present)
  region: Trans-regional
  country: United States
  summary: Applies the Four Worlds analytical tool to the focus question: What are the most important factors that contribute to a stable and prosperous society? The themes (goals) of stability and prosperity are studied from ancient through modern history. This focus question can be revisited at many different points in the history curriculum. At some point, a close comparison of two societies is highly recommended for students to better examine dynamics toward informed decision-making.
  source: USC CALIS. For related materials, search: 4wh-us, mwh 10.10
  pdf:    |   handout: 0534    |   guide: 0534g

135.) 
Today’s News, Tomorrow’s History
  topics: multiple
  format: analytical tools -- four worlds
  historical period: New Millennium (2000-present)
  region: n/a
  country: n/a
  summary: A current events form/worksheet that includes identifying factors in Four Worlds.
  source: USC CALIS and Arsalyn partner teacher: Christine Sardo, Social Science Dept Chair, Workman High School, Hacienda La Puente USD. First piloted in 11th grade US History, Fall 2013. For related materials, search: 4wh-students
  pdf:    |   handout: 0712    |   guide:

136.) 
US 11.0 - Course Calendar: Understanding History through Literature
  topics: articulation plan: integration/collaboration for English and Social Science
  format: other
  historical period: n/a
  region: Canada/US
  country: United States
  summary: For teacher planning. Novels for 11th grade Modern US History are matched with California content standards for History-Social Science. 4W factors are matched between the focus issues for each history unit and the central themes of each novel. -- Early draft --
  source: USC CALIS. Four Worlds of Literature is offered as an intensely practical and meaningful integration of language arts and social sciences. For related materials, search: 4W themes, 4W-lit, 4WH-us11
  pdf:    |   handout:    |   guide: 0806g

137.) 
US 11.0 -2- Course Mapping for Case Teaching - Planning Calendar
  topics: case teaching with analytical tools, department planning guide
  format: case teaching
  historical period: n/a
  region: n/a
  country: United States
  summary: Dept plan -- in development. Calendar for Fall 2014 and Spring 2015. Presents a sample plan of tools and cases as options for teachers. Also models how the flow of content can be layered to deepen concepts and gather examples as evidence -- in conjunction with the textbook. This calendar file corresponds to planning notes that detail the focus-flow-fit of tools, cases and activities (i.e. "analytical exercises").
  source: USC CALIS in collaboration with Sylmar High School, LAUSD. File will be updated as planning continues in 2014-15. For related materials, search: 4wh or full-art or sylmar
  pdf:    |   handout:    |   guide: 0766g

138.) 
US 11.0 -3- Course Mapping for Case Teaching - Planning Focus-Flow-Fit
  topics: case teaching with analytical tools, department planning guide
  format: case teaching
  historical period: n/a
  region: n/a
  country: United States
  summary: Dept plan -- in development. Daily planner for Unit 1, Fall 2014. Presents a rationale of the focus-flow-fit of tools, cases and activities as an example of how materials can build purposefully and systematically in response to the focus question. This file of detailed planning notes corresponds to calendar.
  source: USC CALIS in collaboration with Sylmar High School, LAUSD. File will be updated as planning continues in 2014-15. For related materials, search: 4wh or full-art or sylmar
  pdf:    |   handout:    |   guide: 0767g

139.) 
US 11.10 - a) Timeline: 1950-1980
  topics: development, governance, human rights
  format: analytical tools -- continuum
  historical period: Late 20th Century (1946-1999)
  region: Trans-regional
  country: United States
  summary: Timeline uses the "3-decade format" and a Four Worlds color-code. Other timelines in the collection use the same format for continuity across decades. When the same decade is covered with a different topic or different regional focus, the time period can be easily compared to examine how events may be related. This timeline overlaps standards 11.8 - 11.9 - 11.10 - 11.11 - regarding WWII, the post WWII boom, US foreign policy, the Civil Rights Movement, the Vietnam War, and contemporary social issues.
  source: USC CALIS. For related materials, search: 4wh-us11 or timeline-set11
  pdf:    |   handout: 0584    |   guide: 0584g

140.) 
US 11.5 - a) Timeline: 1920-1950
  topics: political economy, culture
  format: analytical tools -- continuum
  historical period: Early 20th Century (1900-1945)
  region: Canada/US
  country: United States
  summary: Timeline uses the "3-decade format" and a Four Worlds color-code. Other timelines in the collection use the same format for continuity across decades. When the same decade is covered with a different topic or different regional focus, the time period can be easily compared to examine how events may be related. This timeline overlaps standards 11.5 - 11.6 - 11.7 regarding the 1920s, the Great Depression/New Deal, and origins of WWII.
  source: USC - CALIS. For related materials, search: 4wh-us11 or timeline-set11
  pdf:    |   handout:    |   guide: 0563g

141.) 
US 11.5 - b) 4W Chart - The 1920s
  topics: culture
  format:
  historical period: Early 20th Century (1900-1945)
  region:
  country: United States
  summary: Applies the Four Worlds analytical tool to the focus question: Describe significant events of the 1920s and explain how they influenced each other.
  source: USC CALIS. Launched while in development for ease of access with partner teachers who are piloting new materials for new analytical approaches to history. For related materials, search: 4wh-us11
  pdf:    |   handout: 0565    |   guide: 0565g

142.) 
US 11.6 - b) 4W Chart - The 1930s
  topics: political economy
  format:
  historical period: Early 20th Century (1900-1945)
  region:
  country: United States
  summary: Applies the Four Worlds analytical tool to the focus question: Describe significant events of the 1930s and explain how they influenced each other.
  source: USC CALIS. For related materials, search: 4wh-us11
  pdf:    |   handout: 0566    |   guide: 0566g

143.) 
US Reincarnation Project
  topics: development, governance, virtues
  format:
  historical period: New Millennium (2000-present)
  region:
  country: United States
  summary: Group research and design project based on a post-apocalyptic United States. A "great plague" sweeps over the world in 2012. Surviving 8th graders must rebuild their region and try to make contact with other surviving communities that are also rebuilding. Groups begin by identifying their core values and then design a plan to address community needs in Four Worlds.
  source: USC CALIS 4WH development team: Olivia Naturman, Social Science Teacher, Hesby Oaks School, LAUSD. First piloted in 8th grade US History, June 2011. For related materials, search: 4wh-us8
  pdf:    |   handout: 0633    |   guide: